How to Use the Elliot Wave Theory to Predict Market Swings

Th11 26, 2021
Forex Trading
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While a triangle is a belief correction, meaning that it is usually shallow and sideways in nature which does not destroy the conviction of the rally. The reason it will not take the form of a triangle seems to be that a triangle does not retrace enough of the preceding advance that a second wave requires. Wave ‘4’ will usually alternate in form to the previous wave 2 correction so they do not take the same form. There is never more than one zigzag in a combination wave, also there is never more than one Elliott wave triangle in a combination. A typical target area for an Elliott wave correction is 50% of the preceding impulsive move.

Although we rely heavily on analyzing starting from the main degree to the sub-minutte degree. The missing of historical database is considered the main obstacle in having a more precise wave analysis. Then Supercycle is divided into Cycles or primary degrees, based on the same principle. The sub-waves of the Grand Supercycle refer to the next lower degree, the Supercycle which can refers to a period of multi-decades.

The break below the wave 1 point clearly negates the classification of the fourth wave, instead remaining within wave 3. Elliott believed that every action is followed by a reaction. Thus, for every impulsive move, there will be a corrective one.

5 Wave A, B, and C

Elliott Wave principle offers a completely new understanding of what the nature of the markets is, what drives them and what can be derived from their movement. This course is for those of you, who have been looking for an honest Elliott Wave guide, describing the method’s advantages over other trading tools, but not hiding its weaknesses. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.

This is a more complex version of the simple zigzag, the double zigzag forms when two separate simple zigzags come together to form the larger structure. An impulse-wave formation, followed by a corrective wave, forms an Elliott wave degree consisting of trends and countertrends. The Elliott Wave Theory is a form of technical analysis that looks for recurrent long-term price patterns related to persistent changes in investor sentiment and psychology. As with all motive waves, each actionary sub-wave of the diagonal never fully retraces the previous actionary sub-wave; furthermore, sub-wave 3 of the diagonal can never be the shortest wave. Triangle formations are corrective patterns that are bound by either converging or diverging trend lines. Occasionally zigzags will occur twice, or at most, three times in succession, particularly when the first zigzag falls short of a normal target.

The ability to constantly shift the theory when a rule is broken can hinder the use of the theory as a means to place trades. However, it also adds a significant degree of clarity to the art of trend recognition. How much complexity a trader wishes to add to Elliott’s initial rules is up to them, yet it is certainly a method penny stocks ready to explode that many choose to place front and centre in their market strategies. 2 of the motive waves in a 5-wave sequence tend toward equality in time and magnitude. If equality is lacking, a .618 relationship in next most likely. Usually wave 3 is extended, so wave 1 and 5 are often nearly equal in amplitude and duration.


The information in this site does not contain investment advice or an investment recommendation, or an offer of or solicitation for transaction in any financial instrument. The image above shows a break below the start point of the wave sequence, thus negating the notion that it is wave 1. However, those two moves can then be taken to form the part of a wider 5-3 wave. Please ensure you understand how this product works and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing money.

The essence of Elliott waves is that prices alternate between impulsive phases that establish the trend and corrective phases that retrace the trend. In their most basic and straightforward form, impulses contain 5 lower degree waves and corrections contain 3 lower degree waves. Corrective wave patterns unfold in forms known as zigzags, flats, or triangles.

elliott wave correction

You must make sure the entire correction exhibits the “look and feel” that is expected on the proper time frame for the degree you are working with. Use the appropriate time frame to analyze the correction. If you are trying to track an ongoing Intermediate degree correction on a 15 minute time frame you will be confused, exhausted, and sadly disappointed. The difficulty is that on smaller time frames you will be tempted to label the internals of the correction in the incorrect degree. Use the proper time frames to note the swings, then look to the smaller time frames to establish the internals. Wave ‘4’ is usually a sideways ranging pattern like a combination correction or a triangle correction.

Elliott Wave Correction Rules and Characteristics.

And on the other hand, it should make you aware of the potential of those retracements and take them as low-risk entry points for your positions. In the diagram above you can see how Wave 1 of the high degree is made up of a smaller 5-wave impulse pattern and Wave 2 is made up of smaller three wave corrective pattern. And each of these waves is, in turn, always comprised of smaller wave patterns, and so forth. Back in 1934, Ralph Nelson Elliott discovered that price action displayed on charts, instead of behaving in a somewhat chaotic manner, had actually an intrinsic narrative attached. Elliot saw the same patterns formed in repetitive cycles.

elliott wave correction

Elliott Wave Theory rules suggest that wave 5 in the motive pattern is almost always equal to wave 1 in price and time in case wave 3 is extended and that is why a channeling wave is drawn. Whereas, zigzags also occur once in triple three and they often come in wave Y or Z. However, it can be at the begging of the corrective wave in wave W. In other words, there are 2 zigzag waves joined by a corrective wave and it comes in any pattern.


According to Elliott, there are 21 corrective ABC patterns ranging from simple to complex. All the patterns illustrated here take the same form whether within a larger rising or falling trend. Rule 1 – wave 2 cannot retrace more than 100 % of wave 1.

Triangle pattern in Elliott Wave Theory is a consolidation pattern that connotes the continuation of the existing trend, & it’s considered the most important sideways action. Also quite common in B waves as a part of a Flat, Triangles and sometimes in 4. Ending diagonal in Elliott Wave Theory is a special type of wave, which normally occurs in the 5th wave after a “too far too fast” movement as described by Elliott. Wave 1 can be leading diagonal or wave 5 can be ending diagonal, but there must not be 2 diagonal wave in a one wave. Wave 2 and 4 must alternate in the correction pattern, and Wave 2 can’t be in a triangular form.

Wave B’s are usually zigzags, and the next most likely is a triangle. Confirmation that a trend change has occurred of a certain degree comes with a 5-wave move of one lesser degree in the opposite software request for proposal template direction. Wave 5’s can “throw-over” or “throw-under”, depending on volume. During a “throw-over”, it is difficult to identify waves of smaller degrees, as channels lines are penetrated.

Does Elliott wave work in crypto?

The Elliott Wave is taking shape for Bitcoin:

The theory has been used with stocks and has been very useful in the crypto market, as cryptocurrency price predictions are completely derived from technical analysis. Waves one, three, and five are upward swings, with waves two and four being pullbacks.

Wave 5 is typically 1.618% of wave 4 if the wave is not truncated, and not less than 70% of wave 4 if the wave is truncated. With going back to the traditional pattern of waves, we see that the sum of two consecutive numbers is a number in the Fibonacci sequence. The lower limit is this channel is called “wave trend or wave direction”. Wave W of double three must be zigzag or flat but can’t be triangle. Running flat in Elliott Wave Principle is similar to irregular flat in that wave B must go beyond the origin of wave A. The edges of waves A & B are equal, while wave C ends slightly past the end of A which generally shows a sideways direction.

Fibonacci relationships

The Elliott Wave theory is a technical analysis toolkit used to predict price movements by observing and identifying repeating patterns of waves. However, like all motive waves, it forexct review consists of five sub-waves and aims to move the market in the direction of the trend. The difference is that the diagonal looks like a wedge – either expanding or contracting.

The Flat Formation

Each of these waves can further be decomposed into separate five waves. When a trend appears, there are three impulse waves that move in the direction of the trend and two corrective waves. Therefore, some followers of this analysis method opt for a more flexible approach and a freer interpretation of price movements. The three corrective waves, labelled A, B and C, follow after the first five impulse waves, and when looked at in combination, go in the opposite direction to the impulse waves.

For example, the first impulse wave higher within an uptrend on a daily chart may be composed of five waves on an hourly chart. Each corrective wave is composed of three smaller waves , and there will also be larger A, B, C waves on a longer time frame as the broader trend ends . There are two styles of corrective waves, the “sharp” correction and the “sideways” correction.

Each material, shown on this website, is provided for educational purposes only. A perfect, 100% accurate method of analysis does not exist. If you make a decision to trade or invest, based on the information from this website, you will be doing it at your own risk. The most irritating part about the corrections is they only become “crystal clear” when they have completed or are near completion. So don’t get discouraged when unable to figure out a wave count during corrective activity, simply give the market additional time to develop.

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